Date
16 August 2020

The simple view of reading and literacy acquisition

Reading can be represented as two interdependent processes – word recognition (decoding) and language comprehension.

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The simple view of reading

The simple view of reading

Learning to read consists of developing skills in two critical areas:

  1. word recognition – recognising words quickly and accurately 
  2. comprehension – understanding the language being read.

Word recognition

Word recognition

Teach these skills explicitly to all learners, particularly learners with dyslexia.

To build word recognition skills, provide: 

  • explicit instruction in alphabetic coding skills 
  • opportunities to practise and receive feedback on using alphabetic coding skills while reading. 

To build alphabetic coding skills, focus on teaching: 

Source: Dyslexia and equity: A more inclusive approach to reading difficulties (opens in a new tab/window)

The goal of reading

The goal of reading

Reading comprehension is not the end-goal of reading; learning, understanding, wondering, and enjoyment are some of reading’s true goals.

Useful resources

Useful resources

Website

The simple view of reading

Read time: 20 min

Publisher: WETA Public Broadcasting

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File

Put reading first: The research building blocks of reading instruction

Publisher: National Institute for Literacy (NIFL)

Download PDF

Website

Ending the reading wars: Reading acquisition from novice to expert

Read time: 160 min

Publisher: SAGE Publications

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Next steps

More suggestions for implementing the strategy “Understanding dyslexia and literacy acquisition”:

Return to the guide “Dyslexia and learning”

Guide to Index of the guide: Dyslexia and learning

Understand:

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