Date
19 January 2020

Collaboratively develop a behaviour plan

Suggestion for implementing the strategy ‘Respond safely to challenging situations’

Purpose of a behaviour plan

Purpose of a behaviour plan

A safety or behaviour plan is necessary for children or young people who have a history of ongoing disruptive or extreme behaviour.

The plan guides:

  • approaches to prevent an event from occurring
  • procedures for defusing an event if it does occur.

Source: Positive Behaviour for Learning (opens in a new tab/window)

Elements of an effective plan

Elements of an effective plan

The more thought, care, and consultation you put into a plan, the more successful it will be.
  • Collaborate – form a partnership between parents, families, whānau, teachers, other school staff, and professionals.
  • Include the voice of the child or young person wherever possible whether through being present themselves or through parents, whānau, friends, or siblings.
  • Consider the child and young person’s successes as well as challenges.
  • Build a support team around the child or young person’s teacher.
  • Base your decisions on observations and data you have gathered rather than just on intuition or experience.

Source: Positive Behaviour for Learning (opens in a new tab/window)

Developing a plan – what to identify

Developing a plan – what to identify

As a team, consider the following questions.

What are behaviours that are a concern and interrupt learning?

What are the triggers that precede these behaviours?

  • What underlying need is the student trying to meet?
  • What are they trying to obtain?
  • What are they trying to avoid?

Identify the behaviours you want to encourage.

  • What do you want the student to be doing instead of the difficult behaviour?
  • What new skills are you going to teach and support?
  • What will you adjust in your teaching or the environment to support the new behaviour?

Source: Positive Behaviour for Learning (opens in a new tab/window)

How to set goals and monitor progress

How to set goals and monitor progress

Co-design goals and monitor progress with the student.

Involve whānau in this process if applicable.

Goals 

Include short-term and long-term behavioural objectives. Make sure all goals are S.M.A.R.T:

  • Specific and in ordinary language
  • Measurable
  • Achievable for the child
  • Relevant and meaningful for the child
  • Time-related and can be accomplished within a short timeframe

 Monitoring progress

  • Monitor the plan and make regular adjustments when you need to. 
  • Document both what the student is doing and differences in behaviour, learning and wellbeing.
  • Record two weeks of data: 1 being a bad day, 4 being a great day.
  • Enhance with one or more of the following: informal observations, structured observations (for example, time spent on task), anecdotal records, checklists, interviews, standardised tests, curriculum-based assessment, task analysis, review of records, portfolios.

Source: Positive Behaviour for Learning (opens in a new tab/window)

Reflective questions

Reflective questions

Adapt for your own context.
  • How will you redesign the learning environment to remove barriers to learning that act as triggers?
  • What new skills or responses will you be adopting as a teacher?
  • What new skills or behaviours will you teach the student?
  • Where in the curriculum will you provide multiple opportunities for students to build and practice new skills?
  • How will you recognise and endorse the new skills and behaviours?
  • How will you monitor the plan, provide the student with regular feedback and make adjustments?
  • What is in your plan to ensure everyone’s safety if challenging behaviour presents?
  • Does the plan focus on working with the whole person, or is it merely addressing a narrow aspect of the young person’s strengths and skills?
  • How will you join this plan up with other interventions/supporting agencies to provide a holistic approach?

Useful resources

Useful resources

File

A process for assessing behaviour

Publisher: Positive Behaviour for Learning

Download PDF

File

Positive Behaviour for Learning information sheet: Safety/behaviour plans

Publisher: Positive Behaviour for Learning

Download PDF

Website

Intensive wraparound service

Publisher: Positive Behaviour for Learning

Visit website

Next steps

More suggestions for implementing the strategy “Respond safely to challenging situations”:

Return to the guide “Behaviour and learning”

Guide to Index of the guide: Behaviour and learning

Strategies for action:

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